Saturday, 1 September 2018

Homework 2017-2018

Workbook:
You can do the exercises in Units 1-10

Blog: 
In this blog you will find extra material to improve your English.
 

General School Information
Bibliography Advanced 2
Speakout LEAD-IN
Unit 1: Speakout 1.1  Speakout 1.2  Speakout 1.3  Speakout 1.4 & 1.5
Unit 2 : Speakout 2.1: p 20  p 21 & 22  Speakout 2.2  Speakout 2.3 Speakout 2.4 & 2.5
Unit 3 : Speakout 3.1  Speakout 3.2  Speakout 3.3  Speakout 3.4 & 3.5
Unit 4 : Speakout 4.1  Speakout 4.2  Speakout 4.3  Speakout 4.4 & 4.5
Unit 5 : Speakout 5.1  Speakout 5.2  Speakout 5.3  Speakout 5.4 & 5.5
Unit 6 : Speakout 6.1  Speakout 6.2  Speakout 6.3  Speakout 6.4 & 6.5
Unit 7 : Speakout 7.1  Speakout 7.2  Speakout 7.3  Speakout 7.4 & 7.5
Unit 8 : Speakout 8.1  Speakout 8.2  Speakout 8.3  Speakout 8.4 & 8.5
Unit 9 : Speakout 9.1  Speakout 9.2  Speakout 9.3  Speakout 9.4 & 9.5
Unit 10 : Speakout 10.1  Speakout 10.2  Speakout 10.3  Speakout 10.4 & 10.5



Get ready for the speaking exam
Guide
pictures & questions




Assignments
Unit 1: 
A) Writing: 
Personal profile: write a personal profile for your new English class  (150 words) (deadline: 11 Oct) More ideas on how to write personal profiles on page 10. You will find useful language here, here, here, here, here, here, here and here.

B) Speaking: write a three-minute presentation (150 words) entitled My Life in 3 Minutes. Use this Guide. (deadline: 18 Oct).
Topic: personal identification and experiences. Get your ideas here:

Speakout Advanced p 63. Monologue. Speaking

Speakout Advanced p 13. Personality. Extra Speaking

Speakout Advanced p 13. Personality. Extra Speaking

Speakout Advanced p 10. Challenges and Motivation. Extra Speaking

Speakout Advanced p 11. Intelligence and Ability. Extra Speaking

Unit 2: 
A) Writing: 
Discursive essay: write a balanced discussion (discursive essay) on the following theme: Technology is replacing personal interaction. You will get more ideas on how to write an essay on pages 25 & 121, here and here. You will find useful language here, here , here , here  and here  (150 words) (deadline: 30 Oct). 
Here you have other ideas for a discursive essay:

  • Medical advances will soon mean that people will live until they are 200 years old.
  • Individual countries do not have the right to interfere with the affairs of another country.
  • Students, not the state, should pay university tuition fees.
  • Women should be promoted to top jobs in business and politics before men.
  • E-books: the end of the word as we know it
B) Speaking: write a three-minute presentation (150 words). Use this Guide. (deadline: 6 Nov)
Topic: work. Get your ideas here:

Speakout Advanced p 63. Monologue. Speaking

Speakout Advanced p 26. Work. Extra Speaking

Speakout Advanced p 26. Work. Extra Speaking.

Unit 3: 
A) Writing:
Proposal: write a proposal for improving the area where you live: the town council intends to spend money improving your area, and invites residents to send in proposals. In your proposal you should outline any problems there are, and make recommendations for improving the current situation. You can find more ideas for writing proposals on page 41. Here you can see examples of how to write proposals. Finally, you can find useful language for writing proposals on pages 39 and 132 (3.3) and  here. (150 words) (Deadline 15 Nov)

B) Writing:
A 100-Word Short Story (100 words) (deadline 15 Nov)
Not a word more, not a word less: Can YOU write a 100-word short story? Enter this competition where the winner will receive £250 in book tokens.

HOW TO ENTER 

TO ENTER, send your work to shortstory@mailonsunday.co.uk. Entries must be received by midnight on Friday, November 17, 2017. Entries must run to exactly 100 words, excluding the title. The top ten stories will be published in The Mail on Sunday and the winner will receive £250 in book tokens. 
Find out more here


C) Speaking: write a three-minute presentation (150 words). Use this Guide. (deadline: 22 Nov) Topics: holidays, travel, housing and services. Get your ideas here:

Speakout Advanced p 63. Monologue. Speaking

Speakout Advanced p 32. Holidays. Extra Speaking

Speakout Advanced p 32. Holidays and Travel. Extra Speaking

Speakout Advanced p 35. Homes and housing. Extra Speaking

Speakout Advanced p 35. Houses and Home. Extra Speaking

Speakout Advanced p 35. Housework. Extra Speaking

Speakout Advanced p 35. Neighbours. Extra Speaking

Speakout Advanced p 39. Services. Extra Speaking

 

C) Writing:
Narrative: write a narrative for a school contest entitled The Story behind the Picture. Choose a photo and write a story related to the photo. The winners of this contest will win a prize (book voucher). (Calibri 12. 100 words). Photo size: 10 x 15 cm. (Deadline 29 Nov)

Unit 4:  

A) Writing:

A problem-solution essay: tens of thousands of people are fleeing civil war and unrest to find new homes in Europe—sometimes with tragic consequences. The U.N. estimates that more people have been displaced than at any time since World War II. Write a problem-solution essay for your local newspaper about this social issue entitled: The Global Refugee Crisis.  You will get more ideas on how to write a problem-solution essay on p 49 and here. You will find useful language for this topic here, here and here. You will find useful language for writing here, here , here , here  and here  (150 words) (deadline: 11 Dec).
Here you have other ideas for a problem-solution essay:



  • Human rights
  • Child labour
  • Economic development 
  • Economic inequality: the gap between rich and poor
  • Intellectual Property
  • Capital punishment
  • Religious freedom
  • Environmental awareness
  • Illegal immigration
  • Civil liberties
  • Free trade
  • Freedom of speech
  • Gun control
  • Forced evictions: Global Crisis, Global Solutions.
B) Speaking: write a three-minute presentation (150 words). Use this Guide. (deadline: 18 Dec) Topics: Crime and Punishment, the Environment and Immigration. Get your ideas here:

Speakout Advanced p 63. Monologue. Speaking

Speakout Advanced p 44. Crime and Punishment. Extra Speaking

Speakout Advanced p 44. Crime and Punishment. Extra Speaking 2

Speakout Advanced p 47. The Environment. Extra Speaking 

Speakout Advanced p 47. The Natural World. Extra Speaking

Speakout Advanced p 49. Immigration. Extra Speaking

Unit 5: 

A) Writing:

A narrative.  Choose at least one of the options below and write one or more narratives. You will get more ideas on how to write narratives on p 58. You will also find useful language   here (150 words) (Deadline: 10 Jan)
a) Identify a significant experience in the life of a family member or a friend and write about it. You can find useful language here.
b) Write a narrative which starts with the following sentence:
"I opened the only Christmas present that was left and realized that from then on my life would take a turn".
c) Write a scrapbook after Christmas with the activities you did together with family and friends. 


B) Speaking: write a three-minute presentation (150 words). Use this Guide. (deadline: 22 Jan)
Topic: Relationships. Get your ideas here:

Speakout Advanced p 63. Monologue. Speaking

Speakout Advanced p 56. Relationships. Extra Speaking

Speakout Advanced p 56. Relationships. Extra Speaking 2

Speakout Advanced p 57. Family Matters. Extra Speaking

Speakout Advanced p 58. Marriage. Extra Speaking

Unit 6:

A) Writing:
A report: your school would like to know how much the students practise their English both inside and outside the school with the aim of encouraging more students to use it as much as possibleYou will get more ideas on how to write reports on p 73 and here. (150 words) (Deadline: 7 Feb)


B) Speaking: write a three-minute presentation (150 words). Use this Guide. (deadline: 14 Feb)
Topic: Language and Communication; Shopping and Consumerism; Science and Technology. Get your ideas here:

Speakout Advanced p 63. Monologue. Speaking

Speakout Advanced p 71. Languages. Speaking

Speakout Advanced p 75. Shopping. Extra Speaking

Speakout Advanced p 75. Shopping and Consumerism. Extra Speaking

Speakout Advanced p 77. Science and Technology. Extra Speaking

Speakout Advanced p 77. Science and Technology. Extra Speaking 2

 Unit 7:

A) Writing:Write a formal letter: Read this article and write a formal letter to the newspaper, giving your version of what life is like on the island and asking them to print another article. Use the comments below the article to get some ideas of what to say. You will find a letter writing guide here and here. You can find useful language here, here: Formal letters, here:  How to write.  and here (150 words) (deadline: 21 Feb) 

B) Speaking:

1) Make a presentation. Give a five- minute presentation to your class on one of the curriculum topics. You can find some tips here. Deadlines: before 30 Oct tell your teacher the topic. In February give the presentation.    

2) Speaking: write a three-minute presentation (150 words). Use this Guide. (deadline: 7 Mar)
Topic: Work and Leisure; Sport; Health and Diet, Education. Get your ideas here:

Speakout Advanced p 63. Monologue. Speaking

Speakout Advanced p 83. Work and Leisure. Extra Speaking 

Speakout Advanced p 84. Sport. Extra Speaking

Speakout Advanced p 85. Health. Extra Speaking

Speakout Advanced p 85. Sport, Health and Diet Activities. Extra Speaking

Speakout Advanced p 85. Sport, Health and Diet. Extra Speaking

Speakout Advanced p 86. Rewarding Children. Extra Speaking

Speakout Advanced p 86. Education. Extra Speaking

Speakout Advanced p 86. Education. Extra Speaking 2

Unit 8: 
A) Writing:
An Article. 
Your English teacher would like you to share your ideas and experiences on how to succeed in exams and for this purpose you have been asked to write a contribution for the class blog.
Write an article suggesting the best ways of preparing for exams, saying what you should or should not do, not only to prepare for them, but also on the day of the exam.
To see how to write articles click here and also here. Finally, you can find useful language for writing here. (150 words) (Deadline: 14 March)

B) Speaking: write a three-minute presentation (150 words). Use this Guide. (deadline: 21 March)
Topic: Food. get your ideas here:

Speakout Advanced p 63. Monologue. Speaking

Speakout Advanced p 94. Food. Extra Speaking  

Unit 9: 

A) Writing:
Write a review of a book you have read this year and compare it to its film adaptation. Useful language. (150 words) (Deadlines: before 31 Oct tell your teacher the book you are going to read. On 11 April hand in your review) Click here for a list of readers and more instructions for this assignment.

Other ideas for reviews:

Write a review of two books/ two hotels / two art galleries / two museums/ two films / two concerts... and compare them.


B) Speaking: write a three-minute presentation (150 words). Use this Guide. (deadline: 18 April)
Topic: Art and Entertainment. Get your ideas here:

Speakout Advanced p 63. Monologue. Speaking

Speakout Advanced p 104. Art and Entertainment. Extra Speaking

Speakout Advanced p 104. Art and Entertainment. Extra Speaking 2

Unit 10: 
A) Writing:
Letter of application (deadline: 25 April) (150 words) Find the details here.

B) Speaking: write a three-minute presentation (150 words). Use this Guide. (deadline: 2 May)
Topic: Holidays and Travel. Get your ideas here:

Speakout Advanced p 63. Monologue. Speaking

Speakout Advanced p 117. Holidays and Travel. Extra Speaking

Last assignment:
Writing:

Reflection:
write a letter to your teacher (150 words) (deadline: 14 May)
We are approaching the end of the academic year. You decide to write a letter to your teacher giving him some feedback about the course. In your reflection you can include aspects of the course that you loved or loathed; what you found useful or useless; suggestions for the future and any other aspect you may consider worth pointing out in order to improve the teaching and learning process of this course.

You will find a letter writing guide here and here . You can find useful language here.
Formal letters.
How to write. 

Wednesday, 18 October 2017

Initial Evaluation



ADVANCED 2                                                                                                         USE OF ENGLISH
                                                                                                                                                         TIME   75’
NAME: ______________________________________________________________

PART ONE. OPEN CLOZE. Fill each of the blanks in the following passage with one suitable word
(0)__At___ sixteen Henry Vincent was separated from his family (1)_______ a result of the war. He wandered aimlessly from (2)_________  country to another (3)_________ finally settling down in Australia, (4)________ he trained (5)________  an electronics engineer. He established his own business but it called for (6)_________ much work that marriage was out of the (7)_________.
His retirement suddenly (8)________ him realise (9)_______ lonely he was and he decided to (10)_________ up a hobby. With his interest (11)_________ electronics, amateur radio seemed a natural choice. He installed his own equipment and obtained a license and his call sign, (12)________ is the set of letters and numbers used to identify oneself when making radio contact with other radio amateurs all around the world.
Soon Henry had a great (13)________ contacts in far-off places. One in particular was a man in California with (14)________ he had much (15)________ common. One night the man in California happened to mention the village in Europe he (16)________ come from. Suddenly, Henry realised that this man was in fact his younger brother, Peter. At first, the two brothers did not know (17)________ to say but then little (18)________ little they filled in the details of their past lives and not long (19)________ Henry Vincent flew to California to (20)________ reunited with his brother.


PART TWO. WORD BUILDING.  For each blank space you are given words in their basic form. Decide on the correct form of each word and write it in the corresponding space.  Make sure your spelling is clear and unambiguous. An example (0) has been done for you.

The Driving Test
(0) _Unfortunately_ (FORTUNE) I knew I would have to (1) ___________(TAKE) my (2)___________ (DRIVE) test as soon as I saw the (3)___________ (EXAMINE). He didn't even say "hello" and seemed very (4)_____________ (FRIEND).  I was a little bit late I suppose as I had  (5)__________ (SLIGHT) (6)____________ (ESTIMATE) how long it would take me to get there. As usual in this (7)___________ (CROWD) city all the buses were (8)____________ (PACK) and I had had to wait more than twenty minutes before a (9)__________ (CONDUCT) would let me get on a bus. I knew apologising would be (10)_____________ (USE) so I just got in the car. (11)_________ (LUCK) I wasn't feeling (12)_____________ (PARTICULAR) nervous but this horrible man stared at me in (13)__________ (BELIEF) as I began to drive off. I put the car into gear, but it went (14)_________ (BACK) so fast I couldn't believe it- straight into a wall. I was so (15)__________ (APPOINT) when he told me I had failed that I thought I might cry.



PART THREE. MULTIPLE CHOICE CLOZE. Read the text below and choose the option that best corresponds to the blank.
Angela Douglas (adapted from The Independent)
ANGELADOUGLAS: When I met Bill, at a dinner party, it was six years after Kenny's (0)_______ . My first impression was 'Trouble'. Bill seemed to be smoking himself away while engaged in non-stop dialogue. I remember (1)__________ that he hardly stopped to draw breath. He was exhausting. I felt as though he was sucking up the oxygen in the room. For six months afterwards we tiptoed around each other with the odd phone call. He kept asking me out to see a movie, but I always lied and (2)________ him I was busy when I wasn't. I admit that he was often on my mind, but part of me was frightened.
My life carried on as usual, and I was commissioned to write a piece in America for the Sunday Telegraph. When it was published, Bill called and was very complimentary. I thanked him and then just put the phone down. When one of my friends heard what (3)________, she said: 'Bill's rung you and you're not even going on a date?' I called him back and we made arrangements to see (4)__________.
He (5)_________ me to see the dress rehearsal of Parsifal at Covent Garden. At 4am we were eating fried-egg sandwiches in my kitchen, when he said: 'You'd make somebody a wonderful wife, but I won't move until you ask me.' (6)_________ else was ever mentioned, but from that moment, six nights (7)________ seven, he was on my doorstep, and there were two phone calls a day.
I was (8)_________ with Bill, but I didn't want to ask any questions. He had to do it all in his own time. I didn't want a relationship (9)___________ it was going to be serious. Bill needed time and space to open up. In 1988, 10 days before Christmas, he moved in with me.
(10)__________ we're not married, in many ways (11)__________ a very conventional relationship. When we started living together, I realised just how much I'd missed having a real home-life. I run the house (12)_________ Bill has time for his work and to be creative. For both of us, work is our stimulus. Friends are always asking us (13)__________ getting married and Bill refers to me as his wife. Early on in our relationship I had a brief pregnancy, and, possibly, if I (14)___________ the baby, we might have married.
Bill travels a lot, (15)____________ isn't a problem because I love my solitude. But our greatest pleasure is to be here, in the house alone, or to go to movies. We treasure our time together and almost never entertain.
Bill's smoking upsets me terribly. Losing your husband is indescribably lousy, and I couldn't go through all that again. I feel it's so irresponsible of him to smoke (16)___________ he does. Sometimes I get really angry. I open all the windows and hang every bit of clothing in the garden. The other thing about him which drives me crazy is that he is (17)_________ procrastinator. Letters stay on Bill's desk unopened for three months. He (18)___________ to do something about it.
When Bill and I first met, I still had my mother. She was suffering from Alzheimer's disease but (19)____________ that she didn't want to die until she'd seen me settled. In the summer of 1990, she stayed with us for a while. (20)__________ her illness, she could see how happy we were, and I remember her saying to me: 'He's all man, Bill. He's got the lot. When's the wedding? You know I don't hold with long engagements.' When she passed away, Bill was wonderfully strong and supportive. I don't know what I'd have done without him. Halfway through your life, a relationship like ours is a wonderful bonus.
0. a) death                            b) died                                   c) dead                      d) dying
1. a) thinking                                   b) to think                             c) to notice                d) to have observed
2. a) said                               b) told to                                c) explained             d) told
3. a) I'd done                        b) I am doing                                    c) I've done               d) I'd do
4. a) ourselves                     b) one to the other              c) us                           d) each other
5. a) brought                        b) took                                   c) carried                   d) picked
6. a) Something                   b) Anything                           c) Nothing                 d) Everything
7. a) of                                   b) out of                                 c) per                          d) of each
8. a) fallen in love               b) in love                               c) loving                   d) felt in love
9. a) if                                    b) if not                                  c) unless                   d) otherwise
10. a) Even if                                   b) However                           c) In spite                  d) Although
11. a) ours is                        b) our is                                 c) us is                       d) we're
12. a) to                                 b) in order to                         c) so that                   d) so as to
13. a) are you                       b) you are                             c) when we are        d) when are we
14. a) hadn't lost                  b) wouldn't have lost          c) wouldn't lose       d) didn't lose
15. a) what                            b) which                                c) that                        d) it
16. a) as much as               b) so much                           c) how                                   d) like
17. a) such                           b) so                                      c) such a                   d) too much
18. a) must                           b) should                              c) could                     d) ought
19. a) used to saying          b) used to say                      c) was used to say  d) got used to say
20. a) Despite                      b) Despite of                        c) Even                      d) In spite

PART FOUR. KEY WORD TRANSFORMATIONS. Complete the second sentence so that it has a similar meaning to the first sentence, using the word given. Do not change the word given.
1. I wanted to visit the place because of some pictures I saw of it.
MADE
Some pictures I saw of the place ________________________ to visit it.
2. I don't intend to stay here for long.
INTENTION
I _____________________________________ here for long.
3. I upset her unintentionally.
MEAN
I _____________________________________ her.
4. We told the waiter that we thought the food was unsatisfactory.
COMPLAINT
We ________________________________ the waiter about the food.
5. Eventually, we agreed to pay half of the bill each.
AGREEMENT
Eventually, we ____________________________ to pay half of the bill each.
6. Did she explain her strange behaviour last week?
EXPLANATION
Did she _______________________________ her strange behaviour last week?
7. Let's use this opportunity to sit down and rest.
ADVANTAGE
Let's ____________________________ to sit down and rest.
8. "Don't forget to bring your passport with you," I told her.
SURE
I told her _______________________________ to bring her passport with her.
9. I shut the door so that nobody would hear what I was saying.
PREVENT
I shut the door _________________________________ what I was saying.
10. I'll tell you about the course in general and then I'll give you some details.
GO
After I've told you about the course in general, ______________________ you some details.
11. I don't want to think about that problem now.
RATHER
I ______________________________________ about that problem now.
12. I'm not happy that they phoned me so late at night.
RATHER
I ______________________________________ me so late at night.
13. The authorities say that he can't stay in the country any longer.
LET
The authorities _______________________________ in the country any longer.
14. I'll lend you the money but you must give it back to me next week.
LONG
I'll lend you the money ______________________________ it back to me next week.
15. I've heard that they've been having money problems recently.
SUPPOSED
They _________________________ money problems recently.
16. "Why don't we go out for a meal tonight?," Joe Asked.
SUGGESTED
Joe____________________________ night .
17. The weather was so bad that we had to cancel the trip.
SUCH
We____________________________________ cancel the trip.
18. I thought her story was amazing.
WAS
I_______________________________ her story.
19. I didn't have an umbrella with me so I got wet.
IF
I__________________________________ an umbrella.
20. It's possible that she didn't understand the message.
MIGHT
She_________________________________ the message.
21. My wallet contained over €100. It was found in the street by a schoolboy.
FOUND
My wallet,__________________________________  over €100.
22. The bread was so delicious that I ate a whole loaf.
WAS
It________________________________ a whole loaf.
23. Old cities are beautiful although the streets are sometimes narrow and winding.
IN
Old cities_________________________________________________ streets.
24. I only found out the truth because I heard the two of them talking.
FOUND
If I _____________________________________________________ the truth
25. Two brothers started the business in the US in the 1950s.
SET
The business __________________________ two brothers in the US in the 1950s
KEY
PART ONE. OPEN CLOZE. Fill each of the blanks in the following passage with one suitable word
(0)__At___ sixteen Henry Vincent was separated from his family (1)_as____ a result of the war. He wandered aimlessly from (2)_one_____  country to another (3)_before/until__ finally settling down in Australia, (4)_where__ he trained (5)___as___  an electronics engineer. He established his own business but it called for (6)__so__ much work that marriage was out of the (7)_question__.
His retirement suddenly (8)__made__ him realise (9)_how___ lonely he was and he decided to (10)__take___ up a hobby. With his interest (11)__in____ electronics, amateur radio seemed a natural choice. He installed his own equipment and obtained a license and his call sign, (12)_which__ is the set of letters and numbers used to identify oneself when making radio contact with other radio amateurs all around the world.
Soon Henry had a great (13)_many___ contacts in far-off places. One in particular was a man in California with (14)_whom__ he had much (15)__in____ common. One night the man in California happened to mention the village in Europe he (16)_had___ come from. Suddenly, Henry realised that this man was in fact his younger brother, Peter. At first, the two brothers did not know (17)_what__ to say but then little (18)__by___ little they filled in the details of their past lives and not long (19)_afterwards_ Henry Vincent flew to California to (20)___be___ reunited with his brother.
PART TWO. WORD BUILDING. 
The Driving Test
(0) _Unfortunately_ (FORTUNE) I knew I would have to (1) __retake___(TAKE) my (2)__driving__ (DRIVE) test as soon as I saw the (3)_examiner__ (EXAMINE). He didn't even say "hello" and seemed very (4)_unfriendly__ (FRIEND).  I was a little bit late I suppose as I had  (5)_slightly (SLIGHT) (6)_underestimated_ (ESTIMATE) how long it would take me to get there. As usual in this (7)_overcrowded/crowded_ (CROWD) city all the buses were (8)_packed_ (PACK) and I had had to wait more than twenty minutes before a (9)_conductor_ (CONDUCT) would let me get on a bus. I knew apologising would be (10)_useless_ (USE) so I just got in the car. (11)_Luckily_ (LUCK) I wasn't feeling (12)_particularly_ (PARTICULAR) nervous but this horrible man stared at me in (13)_disbelief_ (BELIEF) as I began to drive off. I put the car into gear, but it went (14)_backwards_ (BACK) so fast I couldn't believe it- straight into a wall. I was so (15)_disappointed_ (APPOINT) when he told me I had failed that I thought I might cry.
PART THREE. MULTIPLE CHOICE CLOZE. Read the text below and choose the option that best corresponds to the blank.
Angela Douglas (adapted from The Independent)
0. a) death                            b) died                                   c) dead                      d) dying




1. a) thinking                       b) to think                             c) to notice                d) to have observed




2. a) said                               b) told to                                c) explained             d) told




3. a) I'd done                       b) I am doing                                    c) I've done               d) I'd do




4. a) ourselves                     b) one to the other              c) us                           d) each other




5. a) brought                        b) took                                  c) carried                   d) picked




6. a) Something                   b) Anything                          c) Nothing                d) Everything




7. a) of                                   b) out of                               c) per                         d) of each




8. a) fallen in love               b) in love                              c) loving                   d) felt in love




9. a) if                                    b) if not                                  c) unless                  d) otherwise




10. a) Even if                                   b) However                           c) In spite                  d) Although




11. a) ours is                       b) our is                                 c) us is                       d) we're




12. a) to                                 b) in order to                         c) so that                  d) so as to




13. a) are you                       b) you are                             c) when we are       d) when are we




14. a) hadn't lost                b) wouldn't have lost          c) wouldn't lose       d) didn't lose




15. a) what                           b) which                               c) that                        d) it




16. a) as much as              b) so much                           c) how                                   d) like




17. a) such                           b) so                                      c) such a                  d) too much




18. a) must                           b) should                              c) could                     d) ought




19. a) used to saying          b) used to say                    c) was used to say  d) got used to say




20. a) Despite                      b) Despite of                        c) Even                      d) In spite

PART FOUR. KEY WORD TRANSFORMATIONS. Complete the second sentence so that it has a similar meaning to the first sentence, using the word given. Do not change the word given.
1. I wanted to visit the place because of some pictures I saw of it.
MADE




Some pictures I saw of the place _made me want_____ to visit it.
2. I don't intend to stay here for long.
INTENTION




I __have no/don't have any intention of staying__ here for long.
3. I upset her unintentionally.
MEAN




I __didn't mean to upset_____ her.
4. We told the waiter that we thought the food was unsatisfactory.
COMPLAINT




We __made a complaint to__ the waiter about the food.
5. Eventually, we agreed to pay half of the bill each.
AGREEMENT




Eventually, we _came to/made/reached an agreement___ to pay half of the bill each.
6. Did she explain her strange behaviour last week?
EXPLANATION




Did she _give an explanation for__________ her strange behaviour last week?
7. Let's use this opportunity to sit down and rest.
ADVANTAGE




Let's __take advantage of this opportunity______ to sit down and rest.
8. "Don't forget to bring your passport with you," I told her.
SURE




I told her _to make sure (that) she remembered__ to bring her passport with her.
9. I shut the door so that nobody would hear what I was saying.
PREVENT




I shut the door __to prevent anybody from hearing_____ what I was saying.
10. I'll tell you about the course in general and then I'll give you some details.
GO




After I've told you about the course in general, __I'll go on to give______ you some details.
11. I don't want to think about that problem now.
RATHER




I _would/'d rather not think________ about that problem now.
12. I'm not happy that they phoned me so late at night.
RATHER




I _would/'d rather they hadn't phoned____ me so late at night.
13. The authorities say that he can't stay in the country any longer.
LET




The authorities __won't let him stay______ in the country any longer.
14. I'll lend you the money but you must give it back to me next week.
LONG




I'll lend you the money _as long as you give____ it back to me next week.
15. I've heard that they've been having money problems recently.
SUPPOSED




They _are/'re supposed to have been having___ money problems recently.
16. "Why don't we go out for a meal tonight?," Joe Asked.
SUGGESTED




Joe_suggested going out that____ night .
17. The weather was so bad that we had to cancel the trip.
SUCH




We_had such bad weather that we had to__ cancel the trip.
18. I thought her story was amazing.
WAS




I_was amazed by/at__ her story.
19. I didn't have an umbrella with me so I got wet.
IF




I_wouldn't have got wet if I had had__ an umbrella.
20. It's possible that she didn't understand the message.
MIGHT




She__ might not have understood ___ the message.
21. My wallet contained over €100. It was found in the street by a schoolboy.
FOUND




My wallet,_ which was found in the street by a school boy, contained__  over €100.
22. The bread was so delicious that I ate a whole loaf.
WAS




It_ was such delicious bread that I ate__ a whole loaf.
23. Old cities are beautiful although the streets are sometimes narrow and winding.
IN




Old cities_ are beautiful in spite of the narrow winding___ streets.
24. I only found out the truth because I heard the two of them talking.
FOUND




If I __hadn't heard the two of them talking, I wouldn't have found out_____ the truth
25. Two brothers started the business in the US in the 1950s.
SET




The business _was set up by____ two brothers in the US in the 1950s